New approaches proposed by Vladimir Druzhinin to the analysis of the nature of general cognitive abilities are analyzed. They include the concept of cognitive resource, the intelligence range model and the situational approach to the diagnosis of cognitive abilities. These approaches are seen in the context of three problems: the relationship between intelligence and creativity, the link of intelligence with successful activity (including learning capability), and situational factors and the nature of cognitive abilities. The opposition of intellectual (convergent) and creative (divergent) abilities is shown to be groundless because the individual cognitive resource provides a mechanism for their correlation. Performance (academic, professional) is the “achievement range,” whose lower and upper thresholds are determined not only by IQ level but also by motivation and personal characteristics. Arguably, we can talk about a new type of psychodiagnosis of abilities in which an individual's experience is an important element of the psychodiagnostic situation. The article discusses prospects of transition from opposing individual cognitive abilities to their analysis as a manifestation of integrated intelligence seen as the major individual mental resource.
Kholodnaya, M.A. Intelligence, Creativity, Learning Capability: Resource Approach (Development of V. N. Druzhinin's Ideas) / M.A. Kholodnaya // Social Sciences. – 2016. – Т. 47. – № 2. – P. 80-94